Disco Criollo

Disco Criollo (Argentina) / c. 1922

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Design: The dividing line across the centre, with its distinctive bracketed endings, is a feature to be seen on several pre-WWI German-made record labels (e.g. John Bull).

History: Label scan courtesy of collector Martín Javier Gorosito of Argentina. Thanks also to musicologist Christoph Lanner for updated information. He writes: "Disco Criollo was another label owned by Alfredo Améndola, as were for example the labels Atlanta, Tele-Phone, Ideal, Aurora and Electra. This label has indeed nothing to do with the later Disco Criollo-Odeon label (which was used as of January 1934). Disco Criollo-Odeon corresponds to the prior Disco Nacional-Odeon label; the renaming was forced by an Argentine [governmental] decree of May 23, 1933 which prohibited the use of the word "Nacional" by non-governmental entities or enterprises. Several matrices released on records of the 40XX series of Disco Criollo had already been released on records of the 40XX series of the Tele-Phone label. This also goes for Disco Criollo record 4012; see the following two advertisements by the 'Casa América' of June 1919 for the corresponding (Tele-Phone) record from June 21, 1919 and June 28, 1919. So the recordings of Dos años a la marina and O mio carino, released on Disco Criollo record 4012, had already been made in 1919, and the accordion soloist -- whose name does not appear on the record label -- is probably the same as on Tele-Phone record 4006: Pietro Brera. Disco Criollo records are commonly periodized between 1921 and 1923; the Tele-Phone label existed between 1918 and 1920. If I had to opt for a single year as the year of release for Disco Criollo record 4012, I would suggest 1922."

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