Design: A lovely double-line Art Nouveau border encloses the label name and separates the upper and lower segments; a modest shield above the spindle hole bears the words "The Extraphone Company" in English. Perched atop the shield is the undersized image of a bird of prey with outstretched wings (possibly a gyrfalcon, which was symbolically associated with the earliest founders of the country), bearing something in its beak (possibly a lure, with bells at one end and a cross at the other). When in 1922 Ukraine became a founding member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the double-headed eagle replaced the falcon as the national symbol.
History: According to russian-records.com, this company was founded in 1909 in the city of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. Label scan courtesy of musicologist and collector Bill Dean-Myatt of the U.K.