Design: The record information is not printed, but etched into the record surface and then filled with paint.
History: Pathé Frères started out in France as phonograph manufacturers in 1894, and began making recordings for cylinder machines in 1898. In 1909 they launched a line of vertical-cut discs; in 1914 they opened a sales distribution office in Montreal, Canada; by 1919 branches had been established in Paris, London, Moscow, Brussels, Milan and New York. Pathé France was bought in 1927 by English Columbia, while English Pathé was bought later by Decca. Discographer Bill Dean-Myatt of the U.K. notes: "This item by Agustarello Affre (1858-1931) was originally recorded in about 1902 or 1903."